What is a Legal Assistant and What Do They Do?

Legal teams often face the challenge of balancing a heavy workload with administrative tasks. Enter the legal assistant: a key player in helping law firms run smoothly. This article will delve into what a legal assistant does, from administration to supporting complex legal activities, providing you with insights on how they can optimize your firm’s operations.

Discover the critical role these professionals play in today’s legal landscape and why their contribution is indispensable for any successful law practice. Keep reading to learn more!

Understanding the Role of a Legal Assistant

The role of a legal assistant involves providing administrative and clerical support to lawyers, as well as conducting legal research, organizing documents, and assisting with client communication.

Their duties are crucial in ensuring the smooth functioning of law offices and maintaining efficient case management.

Job Description of a Legal Assistant

A legal assistant helps lawyers by doing many office jobs and looking for information about laws. They make sure that the law firm runs well. Legal assistants write down what happens in meetings, put files and documents in order, and help with research to find laws or past cases.

They use computers to type up letters and legal papers like contracts or affidavits.

These helpers talk with clients, lawyers, and other people when they need information or have to schedule appointments. They must be good at planning their time and keeping things organized.

Some go to courtrooms to take notes about the case or handle electronic filing systems. Skills in writing clearly are important because legal assistants also prepare reports for attorneys before trials begin.

Typical Duties of a Legal Assistant

Legal assistants handle many tasks to make sure law firms run smoothly. They organize important papers, schedule meetings, and write notes during meetings. Legal assistants may also help lawyers get ready for court by putting together documents like briefs or settlement agreements.

They are key in managing the flow of information within a firm. Legal assistants must keep track of all details that go into cases and client files. Their role includes making sure everything is where it should be so lawyers can find what they need fast.

Legal assistants also handle client communications and coordination with third parties like opposing attorneys and judges.

On top of all of that, Legal assistants can also help you grow your law firm by implementing new workflows and technologies to make the firm run smoother overall.

So if you are one of those lawyers who still handles everything with paper and you feel overwhelmed, then a legal assistant could help you get your work life balance back, and even grow your firm.

Legal Assistant vs. Paralegal

Legal assistants primarily focus on administrative tasks and document organization, operating under the direct supervision of an attorney. In contrast, paralegals are more involved in substantive legal work such as conducting legal research and drafting legal documents.

Administrative Focus of Legal Assistants

Legal assistants handle a lot of the day-to-day office work in law firms. They organize files, schedule meetings, and make sure that lawyers have what they need for their cases. Their jobs are important because they help keep everything running smoothly.

Legal assistants do not usually go to court or write legal papers like paralegals do. Instead, they focus on tasks like typing letters, answering phones, and taking care of clients when they come to the office.

They also manage databases and look after sensitive information with care. This kind of work helps law firms save money since legal assistants can take on these duties instead of higher-paid lawyers or paralegals.

Next up is learning about how this role differs from that of a paralegal.

Legal Work by Paralegals

While legal assistants often handle the administrative tasks, paralegals get to dig into the heart of legal work. Paralegals play a key role in the legal process by doing jobs that lawyers need help with.

They talk to clients, get together facts for cases, and create important documents. Their work is very important because it helps lawyers prepare for court hearings, trials, and meetings.

Paralegals must know how to do many different things well. They write up reports about their research findings and put together papers needed for lawsuits or other legal actions. When lawyers have less routine work on their plates thanks to paralegals’ efforts, they can focus more on giving advice to clients or arguing cases in court.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics says that these professionals earned about $52,920 a year in 2020; this shows how valuable their skills are in the world of law.

Salary Expectations for a Legal Assistant

The average annual salary for legal assistants in the United States is $44,229, while paralegals earn around $52,920 per year. The median annual wage for paralegals and legal assistants was $59,200 as of May 2022.

Salary ranges from $44,847 to $59,808 annually. Experience significantly impacts a legal assistant’s salary; those with 15 to 20 years of experience may earn 20% to 40% more than their counterparts.

Spherion provides support and advantages for individuals aspiring to pursue a career as a legal assistant.

The Benefits of Working with a International Legal Assistant

Employing a international legal assistant offers numerous benefits. Not only can it reduce overhead costs, but it also provides an opportunity to delegate routine tasks efficiently, allowing lawyers to focus on billable work.

This approach particularly benefits smaller firms where resources are limited, and the need for cost-effective solutions is essential. Furthermore, working with a international or virtual legal assistant enables flexibility and agility in adapting to varying workloads, ultimately contributing to increased efficiency and profitability within the practice.

Utilizing Cloud-based Legal Practice Management Systems

Cloud-based legal practice management systems like Clio Manage have revolutionized the way law firms work with legal assistants. These systems provide a centralized platform for managing cases, documents, time tracking, billing, and client communication.

With cloud-based solutions, legal assistants can access case files and collaborate with attorneys from anywhere, improving efficiency and flexibility in their work.

The integration of cloud-based systems also ensures data security and compliance with industry regulations. It enables seamless communication between attorneys and legal assistants while maintaining confidentiality.

Additionally, these platforms offer robust reporting features that help firms analyze their performance and make informed decisions to optimize their workflow.

Now let’s dive into the ethical considerations when working with a legal assistant.

Ethical Considerations when Working with a Legal Assistant

Legal assistants are bound by the American Bar Association (ABA) rules and guidelines. It is crucial for employers to ensure that the legal assistant they hire abides by these ethical standards.

Specific codes and rules for working with legal assistants may vary depending on jurisdiction, so it’s important to check and comply with state regulations.

Ethical conduct is fundamental when engaging with a legal assistant as it ensures professional integrity throughout all aspects of their role. Adhering to these guidelines not only upholds ethical standards but also maintains trust within the legal profession and among clients.

Hiring Process for a Legal Assistant

When hiring a legal assistant, it’s important to consider their educational background, professional experience, and legal knowledge. Asking specific questions during the interview process can help assess their interpersonal skills, organizational abilities, and familiarity with legal procedures.

Important Questions to Consider Before Hiring

Before hiring a legal assistant, it’s crucial to assess the firm’s needs and pain points. Consider whether full-time or freelance assistance is more suitable. Determine if the candidate possesses the necessary interpersonal skills, adaptability, writing abilities, organizational skills, and tech-savviness that align with the firm’s requirements.

Here are some common questions to ask during the hiring process

  • Have you ever worked as a legal assistant in the past?
  • How do you handle multiple tasks and deadlines at the same time?
  • Do you have any experience with Clio or other legal software’s?
  • How would you handle a upset or dissatisfied client?

The Work Environment of a Legal Assistant

Legal assistants typically work in law offices, government agencies, and corporate legal departments. They may also work remotely as freelance legal assistants. The work environment can involve using various office equipment and software to support attorneys with administrative tasks and legal research.

Equipment Used by Legal Assistants

Legal assistants rely on various equipment to carry out their responsibilities efficiently. This includes essential office tools like a copy machine, computer, shredder, and standard office supplies.

They also utilize specialized software for document management, scheduling appointments, and handling accounting tasks as part of their daily workflow.

These tools not only streamline administrative processes but also ensure smooth operations within the legal environment. The proper utilization of these resources enables legal assistants to manage documentation effectively and maintain organized schedules while assisting legal professionals in delivering high-quality services to clients.

Typical Work Schedule of a Legal Assistant

Legal assistants often work long hours, sometimes serving multiple lawyers. They may have demanding and unpredictable schedules, especially when supporting litigation or dealing with upcoming deadlines.

Those who freelance might have more flexibility in their work hours, but they still need to ensure they are available to meet the needs of their attorney clients. The nature of legal work means that legal assistants must be prepared for irregular hours and last-minute changes.

The Career Outlook for Legal Assistants

Legal assistants can expect a positive career outlook, with opportunities for advancement and growth in the legal industry. The legal assistant profession is expected to grow by 14% going into 2030. Experience and specialized skills can impact salary potential, and there are various industry opportunities available for legal assistants to explore.

Impact of Experience on Salary

The salary of a legal assistant is significantly influenced by their experience. Those with 15 to 20 years of experience can potentially earn 20% to 40% more than their less experienced counterparts.

This increase in pay reflects the value placed on extensive knowledge and practical understanding in the field. As legal assistants gain proficiency through years of work, they become more adept at handling complex tasks and responsibilities, leading to higher compensation that aligns with their expertise.

With substantial experience, legal assistants not only bring a wealth of knowledge but also demonstrate their ability to navigate intricate legal processes efficiently, making them essential assets within law firms or other legal settings.

Industry Opportunities for Legal Assistants

Legal assistants have promising career prospects in various industries. They can find opportunities in law firms, corporate legal departments, government agencies, and non-profit organizations.

Additionally, the growing trend of legal outsourcing and the increasing demand for specialized assistance in areas like personal injury, bankruptcy, and electronic discovery create diverse openings for legal assistants to apply their skills.

The unique flexibility of working as a freelance legal assistant further broadens industry opportunities. This allows them to serve multiple clients or law firms simultaneously while offering administrative support remotely.

The adaptability of cloud-based legal practice management systems also presents new avenues for legal assistants to work efficiently in different industry settings.

Educational Requirements for Legal Assistants

Legal assistants typically need a minimum of a bachelor’s degree in legal studies, paralegal studies, or a related field. Some employers may also require completion of a certificate program in paralegal studies to gain additional specialized knowledge and skills.

Importance of a Bachelor’s Degree

A bachelor’s degree is crucial for legal assistants as it is often a requirement by employers in the field. Most aspiring legal assistants typically need to obtain a bachelor’s degree in fields such as business, social science, legal studies, or security.

In addition to this, they are also expected to acquire additional paralegal studies certification to enhance their qualifications and expertise in the field.

Having a bachelor’s degree equips legal assistants with essential knowledge and skills that are highly valued within the legal industry. It not only provides them with a strong foundation in relevant subjects but also demonstrates their dedication and commitment to pursuing a career as a legal assistant.

Consideration of Paralegal Studies Certification

After completing a bachelor’s degree, if you are considering paralegal studies certification, it’s crucial to understand the distinctions between legal assistants and paralegals.

Paralegal studies certification provides specialized training in the legal field, enhancing your knowledge of substantive legal work. The American Bar Association specifies that paralegals should have either completed an ABA-approved program or gained equivalent experience combined with educational qualifications.

Additionally, having this certification can lead to better employment opportunities and potentially higher salaries. It signifies a solid foundation of legal knowledge and skills vital in the competitive job market for this profession.

Furthermore, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, employers increasingly prefer to hire paralegals who possess formal education such as a certificate in paralegal studies or an associate degree in paralegal studies from accredited programs.


In conclusion, a law assistant supports attorneys by handling administrative tasks. They conduct legal research if trained and experienced. Paralegals, on the other hand, perform substantive legal work with attorney oversight.

Legal assistants typically earn around $52,920 annually or $25.44 hourly according to the U.S Bureau of Labor Statistics. Working with freelance legal assistants and utilizing cloud-based legal practice management systems are beneficial for firms.

Additionally, it is crucial for attorneys to establish effective processes, especially when working with remote legal assistants.


1. Who is a law assistant?

A law assistant, also known as a legal assistant or paralegal, helps lawyers with their work. This person does not practice law but supports the legal team by doing tasks such as writing reports and handling documents.

2. What kind of education do you need to be a law assistant?

To become a legal assistant, you often need some schooling after high school. You can get a degree or certificate in paralegal studies from many colleges.

3. Can anyone take the certified legal assistant exam?

If you want to take the certified legal assistant exam, usually you must have studied certain courses or have worked in a related job for some time.

4. What kinds of things does a law assistant do every day?

Law assistants write important papers like financial reports and help with court cases by organizing evidence and information. They must keep everything they learn secret to protect people’s privacy.

5. Do law assistants earn good money?

Yes, being a legal assistant pays quite well! The hourly wages change based on where they work in the U.S., but overall it can provide good earnings compared to other jobs that require similar levels of education.

6. Are there many jobs available for law assistants right now?

The are over over 300,00 employed legal assistants and paralegal in the U.S. right now. It is one of the more popular roles and has a positive career outlook going into 2030.